Fragrance Notes

Fragrance Notes

Did you know that fragrances have three notes? This is basically the general anatomy of fragrances.

TOP NOTE: How perfume smells upon application is what you call the top note. It consists of molecules which evaporate quickly.
Top notes are otherwise called the head notes.
Perceived immediately upon application of a perfume, top notes consist of small, light molecules that evaporate quickly. They form a person's initial impression of a perfume and thus are very important in the selling of the product. The scents of this note class are usually described as "fresh", "assertive" or "sharp". The compounds that contribute to top notes are strong in scent, very volatile, and evaporate quickly.
Although not as saliently perceived, the heart and base-notes contribute much to the scent in the top notes.
Citrus and ginger scents are common top notes.

Lasts about 15 minutes after application.
MIDDLE NOTE: This is also called the heart note. After the top note dissolves, the heart note develops after 10 minutes. It stays on for up to an hour.

They are also called the "heart notes".
The scent of a perfume that emerges just prior to when the top notes dissipate. The middle note compounds form the "heart" or main body of a perfume and emerge in the middle of the perfume's dispersion process. They serve to mask the often unpleasant initial impression of base notes, which become more pleasant with time. Not surprisingly, the scent of middle note compounds is usually more mellow and "rounded". Scents from this note class appear anywhere from twenty minutes to one hour after the application of a perfume.
Lavender and rose scents are typical middle notes.

Lasts about 30 minutes on top notes evaporate.

BASE NOTE: This is the final stage and lingers on after the middle note lapses.

Lasts a long time, some more than 24 hours.

The scent of a perfume that appears close to the departure of the middle notes. The base and middle notes together are the main theme of a perfume. Base notes bring depth and solidity to a perfume. Compounds of this class are often the fixatives used to hold and boost the strength of the lighter top and middle notes. Consisting of large, heavy molecules that evaporate slowly, compounds of this class of scents are typically rich and "deep" and are usually not perceived until 30 minutes after the application of the perfume or during the period of perfume dry-down.
Some base notes can still be detectable in excess of twenty-four hours after application, particularly the animalic and musk notes.

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